Children are unaware of communication skills. They use modes and techniques known to them to convey their feelings. From crying to throwing tantrums and smiles to hugs, all of these are modes of communication that are used by young children to communicate with their parents. As they grow up and go to school, such modes aren’t enough, and they need to learn verbal as well as non-verbal modes of communication. This is particularly important in preschool where they will be interacting with other kids in a large group for the first time.
Parents and teacher have to take the responsibility of developing such skills amongst preschoolers. Four ways in which they can do so are:
1. Encourage Children to Talk
One of the easiest methods to get children to talk and communicate is to allow and encourage them to talk. Parents should look to establish a routine where the kids talk about their day, the activities they did or in general talk about something they love. Such a session will allow them to be confident about communicating. More often than not, young kids are shy to talk due to not being allowed to talk at home. If the kids are encouraged to talk at home, not only will they find communicating easy and liberating but it would boost their confidence as well.
2.Read to Your Children
A problem often associated with communication is not knowing how to talk or what words to use. Children might find it difficult to express themselves because they don’t know what to say. This result’ in them using physical cues like crying or pulling their parent’s hands or other such methods to grab their attention and communicate to them. Parents and kids should sit together and read. Such sessions will not only educate the kids but also teach them what words to use and when to use them. Simple and easy ideas and sentences can be communicated and learnt by spending 30 minutes a day reading.
3.Teach Children About Feelings
Kids can express their feelings by crying or laughing or getting angry but they are unaware of what they are doing in reality. A kid might be sad when their parents go out and their responses are to refuse to eat food or demand that their wishes be met. This is because they are unaware of how to talk about what they are feeling. Kids should be taught to express what they are feeling in words. If they are sad, teach them to speak that they are sad and why they are so. This will eliminate kids stewing on their own feelings because they don’t know how to express it. Lessons about talking about their feelings will go a long way in developing their communication skills as well as setting a foundation for a healthy way of living.
Speaking plays a huge role in communication but equally important are the non-verbal cues. Children should be taught the importance of cues like establishing eye contact, usage of their hands as well as smiling in a conversation. Such training at an early age could enable the kids to learn effective communication and enable their overall growth in life.
The ways listed above are just examples of steps to be taken at home or school to allow effective communication development in a young child.